Turn v Brestanici (Lower Rajhenburg castle)

13th century

Historical sources of manor's origin have not yet been researched. The name Flis' castle after which the castle is also known is by the name of a former owner. The story tells of two hostile brothers of which one has owned upper and the other lower Rajhenburg castle. Owners of Turn were in the past for sure also the owners of old castle Rajhenburg even though there is no information about this in literature. Nowadays a few apartments are still in a partially ruined house.

Oldest part of composition, imposing rectangular building standing next to the road has in its lower part on the inside, in the ground floor and first floor, all the characteristics of Romanesque architecture but without any other contemporary architectural details. However, at the present knowledge of circumstances it seems that these are not remains of former Špreneberk. We can assume that these are remains of former outbuilding or warehouse such as at this important river dock on Sava may already be expected at the era. If we exclude lower part of the building the wing has in its present form Renaissance-Baroque character. Old windows with stone Renaissance frames are preserved on teh courtyard side - two among them are double and formed as two-light windows. Also preserved on a courtyard side is semicircularly concluded stone portal with sharp edges. On the outer sides of a wing, which if perfect for veduta physiognomy, window openings are rather recently enlarged (brick fillings at the windows). Stone consoles are preserved in a top floor of the wing on which once ceilings were resting. Turret at the wing was judging by the portal's characteristics built in second half of 16th century of first half of 17th century, because on Vischer's copper engraving Turn can be seen in its present day form.

Stopar, Ivan, Dr.: "Grajske stavbe v vzhodni Sloveniji - Med Kozjanskim in porečjem Save", Viharnik, Ljubljana, 1993,ISBN 961-6057-00-6
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GPS coordinates:
N 46° 14.249' E 15° 15.329'


As evident, the building is preserved only in its surrounding walls (intrnal walls and floors were removed by Senovo mine after the war)
In the Renaissance era a turret was added to the big building together with a chapel which has not preserved; turret has on the outer side above first floor octagonally cut walls and was once paited
In turret's ground floor a big groin vaulted entrance hall to which a semicircular portal of sandstone with bevelled edges leads
Castle design is composed of three-storeyed entrance tower and four independent residential wings which surround arcade courtyard; residential wing which are facing towards Sava river are single storeyed
Rajhenburg castle, G. M. Vischer, Topographia ducatus Stiriae, copper engraving, around 1681